Pie charts for categorical data with statistical details included in the plot as a subtitle.

  x = NULL,
  y = NULL,
  counts = NULL,
  ratio = NULL,
  paired = FALSE,
  results.subtitle = TRUE,
  label = "percentage",
  label.args = list(direction = "both"),
  label.repel = FALSE,
  conf.level = 0.95,
  k = 2L,
  proportion.test = TRUE,
  perc.k = 0,
  bf.message = TRUE,
  sampling.plan = "indepMulti",
  fixed.margin = "rows",
  prior.concentration = 1,
  title = NULL,
  subtitle = NULL,
  caption = NULL,
  legend.title = NULL,
  ggtheme = ggplot2::theme_bw(),
  ggstatsplot.layer = TRUE,
  package = "RColorBrewer",
  palette = "Dark2",
  ggplot.component = NULL,
  output = "plot",
  condition = NULL,



A dataframe (or a tibble) from which variables specified are to be taken. A matrix or tables will not be accepted.

x, main

The variable to use as the rows in the contingency table.

y, condition

The variable to use as the columns in the contingency table. Default is NULL. If NULL, one-sample proportion test (a goodness of fit test) will be run for the x variable. Otherwise an appropriate association test will be run. This argument can not be NULL for ggbarstats function.


A string naming a variable in data containing counts, or NULL if each row represents a single observation (Default).


A vector of proportions: the expected proportions for the proportion test (should sum to 1). Default is NULL, which means the null is equal theoretical proportions across the levels of the nominal variable. This means if there are two levels this will be ratio = c(0.5,0.5) or if there are four levels this will be ratio = c(0.25,0.25,0.25,0.25), etc.


Logical indicating whether data came from a within-subjects or repeated measures design study (Default: FALSE). If TRUE, McNemar's test subtitle will be returned. If FALSE, Pearson's chi-square test will be returned.


Decides whether the results of statistical tests are to be displayed as a subtitle (Default: TRUE). If set to FALSE, only the plot will be returned.


Character decides what information needs to be displayed on the label in each pie slice. Possible options are "percentage" (default), "counts", "both".


Additional aesthetic arguments that will be passed to geom_label.


Whether labels should be repelled using ggrepel package. This can be helpful in case the labels are overlapping.


Scalar between 0 and 1. If unspecified, the defaults return 95% lower and upper confidence intervals (0.95).


Number of digits after decimal point (should be an integer) (Default: k = 2L).


Decides whether proportion test for main variable is to be carried out for each level of condition (Default: TRUE).


Numeric that decides number of decimal places for percentage labels (Default: 0).


Logical that decides whether to display Bayes Factor in favor of the null hypothesis. This argument is relevant only for parametric test (Default: TRUE).


Character describing the sampling plan. Possible options are "indepMulti" (independent multinomial; default), "poisson", "jointMulti" (joint multinomial), "hypergeom" (hypergeometric). For more, see ?BayesFactor::contingencyTableBF().


For the independent multinomial sampling plan, which margin is fixed ("rows" or "cols"). Defaults to "rows".


Specifies the prior concentration parameter, set to 1 by default. It indexes the expected deviation from the null hypothesis under the alternative, and corresponds to Gunel and Dickey's (1974) "a" parameter.


The text for the plot title.


The text for the plot subtitle. Will work only if results.subtitle = FALSE.


The text for the plot caption.


Title text for the legend.


A function, ggplot2 theme name. Default value is ggplot2::theme_bw(). Any of the ggplot2 themes, or themes from extension packages are allowed (e.g., ggthemes::theme_fivethirtyeight(), hrbrthemes::theme_ipsum_ps(), etc.).


Logical that decides whether theme_ggstatsplot theme elements are to be displayed along with the selected ggtheme (Default: TRUE). theme_ggstatsplot is an opinionated theme layer that override some aspects of the selected ggtheme.


Name of the package from which the given palette is to be extracted. The available palettes and packages can be checked by running View(paletteer::palettes_d_names).


Name of the package from which the given palette is to be extracted. The available palettes and packages can be checked by running View(paletteer::palettes_d_names).


A ggplot component to be added to the plot prepared by ggstatsplot. This argument is primarily helpful for grouped_ variant of the current function. Default is NULL. The argument should be entered as a function.


Character that describes what is to be returned: can be "plot" (default) or "subtitle" or "caption". Setting this to "subtitle" will return the expression containing statistical results. If you have set results.subtitle = FALSE, then this will return a NULL. Setting this to "caption" will return the expression containing details about Bayes Factor analysis, but valid only when type = "parametric" and bf.message = TRUE, otherwise this will return a NULL. For functions ggpiestats and ggbarstats, setting output = "proptest" will return a dataframe containing results from proportion tests.


Currently ignored.


Unlike a number of statistical softwares, ggstatsplot doesn't provide the option for Yates' correction for the Pearson's chi-squared statistic. This is due to compelling amount of Monte-Carlo simulation research which suggests that the Yates' correction is overly conservative, even in small sample sizes. As such it is recommended that it should not ever be applied in practice (Camilli & Hopkins, 1978, 1979; Feinberg, 1980; Larntz, 1978; Thompson, 1988).

For more about how the effect size measures and their confidence intervals are computed, see ?rcompanion::cohenG, ?rcompanion::cramerV, and ?rcompanion::cramerVFit.



See also


# for reproducibility set.seed(123) # one sample goodness of fit proportion test ggstatsplot::ggpiestats(ggplot2::msleep, vore)
# association test (or contingency table analysis) ggstatsplot::ggpiestats( data = mtcars, x = vs, y = cyl, legend.title = "Engine" )
#> Warning: Chi-squared approximation may be incorrect
#> Warning: Chi-squared approximation may be incorrect